Mashiyach Study Part 2
By Yochanan Zaqantov
Last time we studied what does Mashiyach meant from studying its root Mashach. We also looked at the special oil used for anointing “Shemen Mish’chah”. What we want to do now is look through out the Tanakh for the Nevi’im (Prophets), Melekhim (Kings), Kohenim (Priests) and other leaders which were anointed possibly and whether they have supernatural powers. Whether they are who we need to save us today.
So we know that at least Elisha as a prophet was anointed. Lets look at the Prophets and see if there are any others.
Navi (Nun-Vet-Yod-Aleph) is reference number 5030. It is from the stem root (Nun-Vet-Aleph), which is related to the verb Nava. Nava is reference number 5012. So lets first examine Navi, which is the masculine noun.
7 Therefore, restore the man’s wife—since he is a prophet (navi’ נָבִיא), he will intercede for you—to save your life. If you fail to restore her, know that you shall die, you and all that are yours.”
Avraham was a prophet.
7:1 Yehovah replied to Moses, “See, I place you in the role of Elohim to Pharaoh, with your brother Aaron as your prophet (neviyekhaנְבִיאֶךָ).
We see that the prophet works for Elohim and in this case Aharon was a prophet of Moshe.
27 A youth ran out and told Moses, saying, “Eldad and Medad are acting the prophet (met’nabbimמִתְנַבְּאִים) in the camp!” 28 And Joshua son of Nun, Moses’ attendant from his youth, spoke up and said, “My lord Moses, restrain them!” 29 But Moses said to him, “Are you wrought up on my account? Would that all Yehovah’s people were prophets (nevi’im נְבִיאִים), that Yehovah put His spirit upon them!” 30 Moses then reentered the camp together with the elders of Israel.
When the spirit of Elohim was passed from Moshe to the Elders they became prophets also. They spoke for Elohim.
6 and He said, “Hear these My words: When a [your] prophet (neviyekhem נְבִיאֲכֶם) of Yehovah arises among you, I make Myself known to him in a vision, I speak with him in a dream. 7 Not so with My servant Moses; he is trusted throughout My household. 8 With him I speak mouth to mouth, plainly and not in riddles, and he beholds the likeness of Yehovah. How then did you not shrink from speaking against My servant Moses!”
Moshe as a prophet had a special relationship with Elohim.
1 Be careful to observe only that which I enjoin upon you: neither add to it nor take away from it. 2 If there appears among you a prophet (navi’נָבִיא) or a dream-diviner and he gives you a sign or a portent, 3 saying, “Let us follow and worship another god”—whom you have not experienced—even if the sign or portent that he named to you comes true, 4 do not heed the words of that prophet (hanavi הַנָּבִיא) or that dream-diviner. For Yehovah Eloheykha is testing you to see whether you really love Yehovah Eloheykha with all your heart and soul. 5 Follow none but Yehovah Eloheykha, and revere none but Him; observe His commandments alone, and heed only His orders; worship none but Him, and hold fast to Him. 6 As for that prophet (vehanavi וְהַנָּבִיא) or dream-diviner, he shall be put to death; for he urged disloyalty to Yehovah Eloheykha—who freed you from the land of Egypt and who redeemed you from the house of bondage—to make you stray from the path that Yehovah Eloheykha commanded you to follow. Thus you will sweep out evil from your midst.
The Prophet was to be judged as true or not. The punishment was death.
Devarim/Deuteronomy 18: 15,18,20,22
15 Yehovah Eloheykha will raise up for you a prophet (navi’נָבִיא) from among your own people, like myself; him you shall heed. 16 This is just what you asked of Yehovah Eloheykha at Horeb, on the day of the Assembly, saying, “Let me not hear the voice of Yehovah Elohay any longer or see this wondrous fire any more, lest I die.” 17 Whereupon Yehovah said to me, “They have done well in speaking thus. 18 I will raise up a prophet (navi’נָבִיא) for them from among their own people, like yourself: I will put My words in his mouth and he will speak to them all that I command him; 19 and if anybody fails to heed the words he speaks in My name, I myself will call him to account. 20 But any prophet (hanavi’הַנָּבִיא) who presumes to speak in My name an oracle that I did not command him to utter, or who speaks in the name of other gods—that prophet shall die.” 21 And should you ask yourselves, “How can we know that the oracle was not spoken by Yehovah?”—22 if the prophet (hanavi’הַנָּבִיא) speaks in the name of Yehovah and the oracle does not come true, that oracle was not spoken by Yehovah; the prophet has uttered it presumptuously: do not stand in dread of him.
Prophets would arise after Moshe.
9 Now Joshua son of Nun was filled with the spirit of wisdom because Moses had laid his hands upon him; and the Israelites heeded him, doing as Yehovah had commanded Moses.
10 Never again did there arise in Israel a prophet (navi נָבִיא) like Moses—whom Yehovah singled out, face to face, 11 for the various signs and portents that Yehovah sent him to display in the land of Egypt, against Pharaoh and all his courtiers and his whole country, 12 and for all the great might and awesome power that Moses displayed before all Israel.
Joshua became the leader of Yisrael. The spirit of Elohim was on him also. The power of the wonders he did were from Yehovah and commanded by him for Moshe and Aharon to do.
18 And Yehovah answered Moses, “Single out Joshua son of Nun, an inspired man, and lay your hand upon him. 19 Have him stand before Eleazar the priest and before the whole community, and commission him in their sight. 20 Invest him with some of your authority, so that the whole Israelite community may obey. 21 But he shall present himself to Eleazar the priest, who shall on his behalf seek the decision of the Urim before Yehovah. By such instruction they shall go out and by such instruction they shall come in, he and all the Israelites, the whole community.”
22 Moses did as Yehovah commanded him. He took Joshua and had him stand before Eleazar the priest and before the whole community. 23 He laid his hands upon him and commissioned him—as Yehovah had spoken through Moses.
As the picking of a new leader it was done using the Urim and Thumim. Moshe then made him a leader. This was how Yehovah would communicate the decision of Yehovah.
Shemu’el Aleph/I Samuel 3:20
19 Samuel grew up and Yehovah was with him: He did not leave any of Samuel’s predictions unfulfilled. 20 All Israel, from Dan to Beersheba, knew that Samuel was trustworthy as a prophet (lenavi’ לְנָבִיא) of Yehovah.
Shemu’el was also a prophet. At this point other than the wonders of Moshe given to him by Elohim, there were no special powers of his own. We will see later the prophet would call on Elohim to save them and not of their own might.
Melekhim Aleph/I Kings 18:30-39
30 Then Elijah said to all the people, “Come closer to me”; and all the people came closer to him. He repaired the damaged altar of Yehovah. 31 Then Elijah took twelve stones, corresponding to the number of the tribes of the sons of Jacob—to whom the word of Yehovah had come: “Israel shall be your name”—32 and with the stones he built an altar in the name of Yehovah. Around the altar he made a trench large enough for two seahs of seed. 33 He laid out the wood, and he cut up the bull and laid it on the wood. 34 And he said, “Fill four jars with water and pour it over the burnt offering and the wood.” Then he said, “Do it a second time”; and they did it a second time. “Do it a third time,” he said; and they did it a third time. 35 The water ran down around the altar, and even the trench was filled with water. 36 When it was time to present the meal offering, the prophet (haNavi’ הַנָּבִיא) Elijah came forward and said, “Yehovah, Elohey of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel! Let it be known today that You are Elohim in Israel and that I am Your servant, and that I have done all these things at Your bidding. 37 Answer me, Yehovah, answer me, that this people may know that You, Yehovah, are Elohim; for You have turned their hearts backward.” 38 Then fire from Yehovah descended and consumed the burnt offering, the wood, the stones, and the earth; and it licked up the water that was in the trench. 39 When they saw this, all the people flung themselves on their faces and cried out: “Yehovah alone is Elohim, Yehovah alone is Elohim!”
Here is one of the times other than Moshe were a prophet called upon Yehovah to give a sign of his might.
Melekhim Aleph/I Kings 19:16 (15-16)
15 Yehovah said to him, “Go back by the way you came, [and] on to the wilderness of Damascus. When you get there, anoint Hazael as king of Aram. 16 Also anoint Jehu son of Nimshi as king of Israel, and anoint Elisha son of Shaphat of Abel-meholah to succeed you as prophet (lenavi’ לְנָבִיא). 17 Whoever escapes the sword of Hazael shall be slain by Jehu, and whoever escapes the sword of Jehu shall be slain by Elisha.
Here we see again the anointing of a Prophet. Though this was not always shown it could be all prophets were anointed. Thus, they became Mashiyach.
Divrei HaYamim Bet/II Chronicles 18:19-24
19 Yehovah asked, ‘Who will entice King Ahab of Israel so that he will march and fall at Ramoth-gilead?’ Then one said this and another said that, 20 until a certain spirit came forward and stood before Yehovah and said, ‘I will entice him.’ ‘How?’ said Yehovah to him. 21 And he replied, ‘I will go forth and become a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets (Kal-Nevi’ayvכָּל־נְבִיאָיו).’ Then He said, ‘You will entice with success. Go forth and do it.’ 22 Thus Yehovah has put a lying spirit in the mouth of all these prophets of yours (neviyekha נְבִיאֶיךָ); for Yehovah has decreed misfortune for you.”
23 Thereupon Zedekiah son of Chenaanah came up and struck Micaiah on the cheek, and exclaimed, “However did the spirit of Yehovah pass from me to speak with you!” 24 Micaiah replied, “You will see on the day when you try to hide in the innermost room.”
Here we see that the words spoken from King Ahab’s prophets were given by Yehovah a lie to proclaim.
We see that the Nevi’im did not do anything on their own or bring about the salvation of the people through their own might they each did as commanded.
Navi’ah (Nun-Vet-Yod-Aleph-Hey) is reference number 5031. It is from the stem root (Nun-Vet-Aleph), which is related to the verb Nava. So lets examine some verses go into Navi’ah, which is the feminine noun.
20 Then Miriam the prophetess (hanevi’ah הַנְּבִיאָה), Aaron’s sister, took a timbrel in her hand, and all the women went out after her in dance with timbrels. 21 And Miriam chanted for them: Sing to Yehovah, for He has triumphed gloriously; Horse and driver He has hurled into the sea.
Women too were prophets.
4 Deborah, wife of Lappidoth, was a prophetess (nevi’ah נְבִיאָה); she led Israel at that time. 5 She used to sit under the Palm of Deborah, between Ramah and Bethel in the hill country of Ephraim, and the Israelites would come to her for decisions.
Devorah was a prophet as well someone who led Israel.
Melekhim Bet/II Kings 22:14
14 So the priest Hilkiah, and Ahikam, Achbor, Shaphan, and Asaiah went to the prophetess (hanevi’ahהַנְּבִיאָה) Huldah—the wife of Shallum son of Tikvah son of Harhas, the keeper of the wardrobe—who was living in Jerusalem in the Mishneh, and they spoke to her. 15 She responded: “Thus said Yehovah, Elohey of Israel: Say to the man who sent you to me: 16 Thus said Yehovah: I am going to bring disaster upon this place and its inhabitants, in accordance with all the words of the scroll which the king of Judah has read. 17 Because they have forsaken Me and have made offerings to other gods and vexed Me with all their deeds, My wrath is kindled against this place and it shall not be quenched. 18 But say this to the king of Judah, who sent you to inquire of Yehovah: Thus said Yehovah, Elohey of Israel: As for the words which you have heard—19 because your heart was softened and you humbled yourself before Yehovah when you heard what I decreed against this place and its inhabitants—that it will become a desolation and a curse—and because you rent your clothes and wept before Me, I for My part have listened—declares Yehovah. 20 Assuredly, I will gather you to your fathers and you will be laid in your tomb in peace. Your eyes shall not see all the disaster which I will bring upon this place.” So they brought back the reply to the king.
Even the women prophets gave prophesy too. The two figures most known of the Nevi’im are Eliyahu and Elishai. Lets look specifically at the accounts which made them stand out and whether they caused it or Yehovah.
Melekhim Aleph/I Kings 17:11-16
11 As she went to fetch it, he called out to her, “Please bring along a piece of bread for me.” 12 “As Yehovah Eloheykha lives,” she replied, “I have nothing baked, nothing but a handful of flour in a jar and a little oil in a jug. I am just gathering a couple of sticks, so that I can go home and prepare it for me and my son; we shall eat it and then we shall die.” 13 “Don’t be afraid,” said Elijah to her. “Go and do as you have said; but first make me a small cake from what you have there, and bring it out to me; then make some for yourself and your son. 14 For thus said Yehovah, Elohey of Israel: The jar of flour shall not give out and the jug of oil shall not fail until the day that Yehovah sends rain upon the ground.” 15 She went and did as Elijah had spoken, and she and he and her household had food for a long time. 16 The jar of flour did not give out, nor did the jug of oil fail, just as Yehovah had spoken through Elijah.
The Prophet did not cause something wonderous to happen but did what was commanded to him or her.
Melekhim Aleph/I Kings 17:17-24
17 After a while, the son of the mistress of the house fell sick, and his illness grew worse, until he had no breath left in him. 18 She said to Elijah, “What harm have I done you, O man of Elohim, that you should come here to recall my sin and cause the death of my son?” 19 “Give me the boy,” he said to her; and taking him from her arms, he carried him to the upper chamber where he was staying, and laid him down on his own bed. 20 He cried out to Yehovah and said, “Yehovah Elohey, will You bring calamity upon this widow whose guest I am, and let her son die?” 21 Then he stretched out over the child three times, and cried out to Yehovah, saying, “Yehovah Elohay, let this child’s life return to his body!” 22 Yehovah heard Elijah’s plea; the child’s life returned to his body, and he revived. 23 Elijah picked up the child and brought him down from the upper room into the main room, and gave him to his mother. “See,” said Elijah, “your son is alive.” 24 And the woman answered Elijah, “Now I know that you are a man of Elohim and that the word of Yehovah is truly in your mouth.”
It was not Eliyahu who brought the boy back to life but Yehovah.
Melekhim Bet/II Kings 1:8-14
1 After Ahab’s death, Moab rebelled against Israel.
2 Ahaziah fell through the lattice in his upper chamber at Samaria and was injured. So he sent messengers, whom he instructed: “Go inquire of Baal-zebub, the elohim of Ekron, whether I shall recover from this injury.” 3 But an angel of Yehovah said to Elijah the Tishbite, “Go and confront the messengers of the king of Samaria and say to them, ‘Is there no elohim in Israel that you go to inquire of Baal-zebub, the elohim of Ekron? 4 Assuredly, thus said Yehovah: You shall not rise from the bed you are lying on, but you shall die.’” And Elijah went. 5 The messengers returned to Ahaziah; and he asked, “Why have you come back?” 6 They answered him, “A man came toward us and said to us, ‘Go back to the king who sent you, and say to him: Thus said Yehovah: Is there no Elohim in Israel that you must send to inquire of Baal-zebub, the elohim of Ekron? Assuredly, you shall not rise from the bed you are lying on, but shall die.’” 7 “What sort of man was it,” he asked them, “who came toward you and said these things to you?” 8 “A hairy man,” they replied, “with a leather belt tied around his waist.” “That’s Elijah the Tishbite!” he said. 9 Then he sent to him a captain of fifty with his fifty men. He climbed up to him, and found him sitting at the top of a hill. “Man of Elohim,” he said to him, “by order of the king, come down!” 10 Elijah replied to the captain of the fifty, “If I am a man of Elohim, let fire come down from heaven and consume you with your fifty men!” And fire came down from heaven and consumed him and his fifty men. 11 The king then sent to him another captain with his fifty men; and he addressed him as follows: “Man of Elohim, by order of the king, come down at once!” 12 But Elijah answered him, “If I am a man of Elohim, let fire come down from heaven and consume you with your fifty men!” And fire of Elohim came down from heaven and consumed him and his fifty men. 13 Then he sent a third captain of fifty with his fifty men. The third captain of fifty climbed to the top, knelt before Elijah, and implored him, saying, “Oh, man of Elohim, please have regard for my life and the lives of these fifty servants of yours! 14 Already fire has come from heaven and consumed the first two captains of fifty and their men, 1 beg you, have regard for my life!”
It was not the Prophet that causes the fire from Heaven but Elohim.
Melekhim Bet/II Kings 2:1-15
1 When Yehovah was about to take Elijah up to heaven in a whirlwind, Elijah and Elisha had set out from Gilgal. 2 Elijah said to Elisha, “Stay here, for Yehovah has sent me on to Bethel.” “As Yehovah lives and as you live,” said Elisha, “I will not leave you.” So they went down to Bethel. 3 Disciples of the prophets at Bethel came out to Elisha and said to him, “Do you know that Yehovah will take your master away from you today?” He replied, “I know it, too; be silent.” 4 Then Elijah said to him, “Elisha, stay here, for Yehovah has sent me on to Jericho.” “As Yehovah lives and as you live,” said Elisha, “I will not leave you.” So they went on to Jericho. 5 The disciples of the prophets who were at Jericho came over to Elisha and said to him, “Do you know that Yehovah will take your master away from you today?” He replied, “I know it, too; be silent.”
6 Elijah said to him, “Stay here, for Yehovah has sent me on to the Jordan.” “As Yehovah lives and as you live, I will not leave you,” he said, and the two of them went on. 7 Fifty men of the disciples of the prophets followed and stood by at a distance from them as the two of them stopped at the Jordan. 8 Thereupon Elijah took his mantle and, rolling it up, he struck the water; it divided to the right and left, so that the two of them crossed over on dry land. 9 As they were crossing, Elijah said to Elisha, “Tell me, what can I do for you before I am taken from you?” Elisha answered, “Let a double portion of your spirit pass on to me.” 10 “You have asked a difficult thing,” he said. “If you see me as I am being taken from you, this will be granted to you; if not, it will not.” 11 As they kept on walking and talking, a fiery chariot with fiery horses suddenly appeared and separated one from the other; and Elijah went up to heaven in a whirlwind. 12 Elisha saw it, and he cried out, “Oh, father, father! Israel’s chariots and horsemen!” When he could no longer see him, he grasped his garments and rent them in two. 13 He picked up Elijah’s mantle, which had dropped from him; and he went back and stood on the bank of the Jordan. 14 Taking the mantle which had dropped from Elijah, he struck the water and said, “Where is Yehovah, the HaElohim of Elijah?” As he too struck the water, it parted to the right and to the left, and Elisha crossed over. 15 When the disciples of the prophets at Jericho saw him from a distance, they exclaimed, “The spirit of Elijah has settled on Elisha!” And they went to meet him and bowed low before him to the ground.
This is the one time where without calling upon Yehovah a navi caused a wonder to happen.
22 Be mindful of the Teaching of My servant Moses, whom I charged at Horeb with laws and rules for all Israel.
23 Lo, I will send the prophet (haNavi’ הַנָּבִיא) Elijah to you before the coming of the awesome, fearful day of Yehovah. 24 He shall reconcile parents with children and children with their parents, so that, when I come, I do not strike the whole land with utter destruction.
Based upon this verse everyone is looking for Eliyahu to return to Yehovah’s people. It does not say a specific time but a time of great trouble. It also does not say that the people would not be already gathered in that time in context of the beginning of this book. There were storehouses in the temple so clearly this was a time after the temple is rebuilt.
Melekhim Bet/II Kings 4:32
32 Elisha came into the house, and there was the boy, laid out dead on his couch. 33 He went in, shut the door behind the two of them, and prayed to Yehovah. 34 Then he mounted [the bed] and placed himself over the child. He put his mouth on its mouth, his eyes on its eyes, and his hands on its hands, as he bent over it. And the body of the child became warm. 35 He stepped down, walked once up and down the room, then mounted and bent over him. Thereupon, the boy sneezed seven times, and the boy opened his eyes. 36 [Elisha] called Gehazi and said, “Call the Shunammite woman,” and he called her. When she came to him, he said, “Pick up your son.” 37 She came and fell at his feet and bowed low to the ground; then she picked up her son and left.
Here we see that he effects the boys revival after first praying to Yehovah.
Melekhim Bet/II Kings 6:18
15 When the attendant of the man of Elohim rose early and went outside, he saw a force, with horses and chariots, surrounding the town. “Alas, master, what shall we do?” his servant asked him. 16 “Have no fear,” he replied. “There are more on our side than on theirs.” 17 Then Elisha prayed: “Yehovah, open his eyes and let him see.” And Yehovah opened the servant’s eyes and he saw the hills all around Elisha covered with horses and chariots of fire. 18 [The Arameans] came down against him, and Elisha prayed to Yehovah: “Please strike this people with a blinding light.” And He struck them with a blinding light, as Elisha had asked.
19 Elisha said to them, “This is not the road, and that is not the town; follow me, and I will lead you to the man you want.” And he led them to Samaria. 20 When they entered Samaria, Elisha said, “Yehovah, open the eyes of these men so that they may see.” Yehovah opened their eyes and they saw that they were inside Samaria.
Again he asks Yehovah to do some thing and it does occur.
Now I have studied the references to Melekh, and Nasi. Nothing was stated that showed them doing a wonder other than Saul’s speaking in prophesy with the group of prophets that we have seen before. So for the interest of time and space I have not included all the references here.
The next word we will look at is Sar (Sin-Resh). It is reference number 8269 and is from the verb Sarar that means to rule. This is found in the BDB on page 978 and on 1214-1217. Thus, these are those who rule.
10 Where now is your king? Let him save you! Where are the chieftains in all your towns Whom you demanded: “Give me a king and officers”?
11 I give you kings in my ire, And take them away in My wrath.
Now we have seen that what is written of Sar also in dealing with saving or having the power to return the nation back to righteousness. If you read the accounts of Shemu’el, Melekhim, and Divrei Hayamim you will see that while the actions of the leaders does seem to be reflected in the people. The King or Leaders do not save the people on their own but through Yehovah giving them the ability, and his determination that they should be saved. Sometimes men are sent to save the people but it is not that person who does it but Yehovah. So lets see where it shows us that the people are saved or helped by one sent.
The Hebrew for savior is Yasha (Yod-Shin-Aleph). This is reference number 3467. It is a verb. It is found in the NEHC on pages 576 – 577 and in the BDB on page 446.
8 The trumpets shall be blown by Aaron’s sons, the priests; they shall be for you an institution for all time throughout the ages. 9 When you are at war in your land against an aggressor who attacks you, you shall sound short blasts on the trumpets, that you may be remembered before Yehovah Eloheykha and be delivered (venosha’tem וְנוֹשַׁעְתֶּם) from your enemies.
Here the blowing of the horns will cause Yehovah to remember and save them.
Yeshayahu/Isaiah 45:17, 22
17 But Israel has won (saved - nosha נוֹשַׁע) through Yehovah Triumph everlasting. You shall not be shamed or disgraced In all the ages to come!”
22 Turn to Me and gain success (and the saving of you -vehavashau וְהִוָּשְׁעוּ), All the ends of earth! For I am Elohim, and there is none else.
Here Yehovah states that he and he alone is the one who saves his people.
Yermiyahu/Jeremiah 17:14 (13-14)
13 O Hope of Israel! Yehovah! All who forsake You shall be put to shame,
Those in the land who turn from You Shall be doomed men, For they have forsaken Yehovah, The Fount of living waters. 14 Heal me, Yehovah, and let me be healed;
Save me, and let me be saved (hoshi’eni veivae’ahהוֹשִׁיעֵנִי וְאִוָּשֵׁעָה); For You are my glory.
The one who saves us is Yehovah and not a man.
Yermiyahu/Jeremiah 23:6 (1-8)
1 Ah, shepherds who let the flock of My pasture stray and scatter!—declares Yehovah. 2 Assuredly, thus said Yehovah, Elohey of Israel, concerning the shepherds who should tend My people: It is you who let My flock scatter and go astray. You gave no thought to them, but I am going to give thought to you, for your wicked acts—declares Yehovah. 3 And I Myself will gather the remnant of My flock from all the lands to which I have banished them, and I will bring them back to their pasture, where they shall be fertile and increase. 4 And I will appoint over them shepherds who will tend them; they shall no longer fear or be dismayed, and none of them shall be missing—declares Yehovah.
5 See, a time is coming—declares Yehovah—when I will raise up a true branch of David’s line. He shall reign as king and shall prosper, and he shall do what is just and right in the land. 6 In his days Judah shall be delivered (tivasha תִּוָּשַׁע) and Israel shall dwell secure. And this is the name by which he shall be called: “Yehovah is our Vindicator.”
7 Assuredly, a time is coming—declares Yehovah—when it shall no more be said, “As Yehovah lives, who brought the Israelites out of the land of Egypt,” 8 but rather, “As Yehovah lives, who brought out and led the offspring of the House of Israel from the northland and from all the lands to which I have banished them.” And they shall dwell upon their own soil.
The prophet talks of a time of bringing back in the Children of Israel (Yehudah and Yisrael as once separated) to their land.
Yermiyahu/Jeremiah 33:16 (14-18)
14 See, days are coming—declares Yehovah—when I will fulfill the promise that I made concerning the House of Israel and the House of Judah. 15 In those days and at that time, I will raise up a true branch of David’s line, and he shall do what is just and right in the land. 16 In those days Judah shall be delivered (tivasha תִּוָּשַׁע) and Israel shall dwell secure. And this is what she shall be called: “Yehovah is our Vindicator.” 17 For thus said Yehovah: There shall never be an end to men of David’s line who sit upon the throne of the House of Israel. 18 Nor shall there ever be an end to the line of the levitical priests before Me, of those who present burnt offerings and turn the meal offering to smoke and perform sacrifices.
Again it is Yehovah who saves his people. It is not the moshiyach Melekh nor the moshiyach Kohen or the moshiyach navi.
Tehillim/Psalms 33:16 (13-17)
13 Yehovah looks down from heaven; He sees all mankind. 14 From His dwelling-place He gazes on all the inhabitants of the earth—15 He who fashions the hearts of them all, who discerns all their doings. 16 Kings are not delivered (nosha נוֹשָׁע) by a large force; warriors are not saved by great strength; 17 horses are a false hope for deliverance; for all their great power they provide no escape.
All the power of mighty kings and armies will save one. Only Yehovah can save his people.
Shofetim/Judges 2:18 (16-19)
16 Then Yehovah raised up chieftains who delivered them (vayoshi’om וַיּוֹשִׁיעוּם) from those who plundered them. 17 But they did not heed their chieftains either; they went astray after other gods and bowed down to them. They were quick to turn aside from the way their fathers had followed in obedience to the commandments of Yehovah; they did not do right. 18 When Yehovah raised up chieftains for them, Yehovah would be with the chieftain and would save them (vehoshi’am וְהוֹשִׁיעָם) from their enemies during the chieftain’s lifetime; for Yehovah would be moved to pity by their moanings because of those who oppressed and crushed them. 19 But when the chieftain died, they would again act basely, even more than the preceding generation—following other gods, worshiping them, and bowing down to them; they omitted none of their practices and stubborn ways.
Here we see that Yehovah caused to come forward men and women who would lead Israel and through his help saved the people.
13 Gideon said to him, “Please, my lord, if Yehovah is with us, why has all this befallen us? Where are all His wondrous deeds about which our fathers told us, saying, ‘Truly Yehovah brought us up from Egypt’? Now Yehovah has abandoned us and delivered us into the hands of Midian!” 14 Yehovah turned to him and said, “Go in this strength of yours and deliver (vehosha’ta וְהוֹשַׁעְתָּ) Israel from the Midianites. I herewith make you My messenger.”
Here is the example of Gideon as one who was chosen. Not only that but he was made a Mal’akh or messenger.
2 Yehovah said to Gideon, “You have too many troops with you for Me to deliver Midian into their hands; Israel might claim for themselves the glory due to Me, thinking, ‘Our own hand has brought us victory (hoshi’ah הוֹשִׁיעָה).’ 3 Therefore, announce to the men, ‘Let anybody who is timid and fearful turn back, as a bird flies from Mount Gilead.’” Thereupon, 22,000 of the troops turned back and 10,000 remained. 4 “There are still too many troops,” Yehovah said to Gideon. “Take them down to the water and I will sift them for you there. Anyone of whom I tell you, ‘This one is to go with you,’ that one shall go with you; and anyone of whom I tell you, ‘This one is not to go with you,’ that one shall not go.” 5 So he took the troops down to the water. Then Yehovah said to Gideon, “Set apart all those who lap up the water with their tongues like dogs from all those who get down on their knees to drink.” 6 Now those who “lapped” the water into their mouths by hand numbered three hundred; all the rest of the troops got down on their knees to drink. 7 Then Yehovah said to Gideon, “I will deliver you and I will put Midian into your hands through the three hundred ‘lappers’; let the rest of the troops go home.” 8 So [the lappers] took the provisions and horns that the other men had with them, and he sent the rest of the men of Israel back to their homes, retaining only the three hundred men. The Midianite camp was below him, in the plain.
This is very interesting in that instead of going with overwhelming might Yehovah wanted to prove to the people who would save them. It was not their own strength but Yehovah’s strength that saved them.
22 Then the men of Israel said to Gideon, “Rule over us—you, your son, and your grandson as well; for you have saved us (hosha’tanu הוֹשַׁעְתָּנוּ) from the Midianites.” 23 But Gideon replied, “I will not rule over you myself, nor shall my son rule over you; Yehovah alone shall rule over you.”
The people did not learn the lesson but saw Gideon as a mighty warrior. You can see from this that they were already looking for a man to lead them. Gideon got it right.
Shemu’el Aleph/I Samuel 9:16
15 Now the day before Saul came, Yehovah had revealed the following to Samuel: 16 “At this time tomorrow, I will send a man to you from the territory of Benjamin, and you shall anoint him ruler of My people Israel. He will deliver (vahoshi’a וְהוֹשִׁיעַ) My people from the hands of the Philistines; for I have taken note of My people, their outcry has come to Me.” 17 As soon as Samuel saw Saul, Yehovah declared to him, “This is the man that I told you would govern My people.”
The first King Shaul was to save the people like the champions before by following Yehovah and not a man.
Shemu’el Aleph/I Samuel 23:2
1 David was told: “The Philistines are raiding Keilah and plundering the threshing floors.” 2 David consulted Yehovah, “Shall I go and attack those Philistines?” And Yehovah said to David, “Go; attack the Philistines and you will save (vehosha’ta וְהוֹשַׁעְתָּ) Keilah.” 3 But David’s men said to him, “Look, we are afraid here in Judah, how much more if we go to Keilah against the forces of the Philistines!” 4 So David consulted Yehovah again, and Yehovah answered him, “March down at once to Keilah, for I am going to deliver the Philistines into your hands.” 5 David and his men went to Keilah and fought against the Philistines; he drove off their cattle and inflicted a severe defeat on them. Thus David saved the inhabitants of Keilah.
David before becoming king inquires of Yehovah whether to march against a people. Even when the people were unsure he asked again.
Tehillim/Psalms 20:6 (7)
6 May we shout for joy in your victory, arrayed by standards in the name of Eloheynu.
May Yehovah fulfill your every wish. 7 Now I know that Yehovah will give victory (hoshi’a הוֹשִׁיעַ) to His anointed, will answer him from His heavenly sanctuary with the mighty victories (yesha יֵשַׁע) of His right arm.
The anointed one will prayer for his guidance and what to do bring Yehovah to save his people.
22 I will make them a single nation in the land, on the hills of Israel, and one king shall be king of them all. Never again shall they be two nations, and never again shall they be divided into two kingdoms. 23 Nor shall they ever again defile themselves by their fetishes and their abhorrent things, and by their other transgressions. I will save them (vehosh’tiy וְהוֹשַׁעְתִּי) in all their settlements where they sinned, and I will cleanse them. Then they shall be My people, and I will be their Elohim.
After restoring them as a nation he will save them in all their settlements.
3 He shall say to them, “Hear, O Israel! You are about to join battle with your enemy. Let not your courage falter. Do not be in fear, or in panic, or in dread of them. 4 For it is Yehovah Eloheykna who marches with you to do battle for you against your enemy, to bring you victory (lehoshi’a לְהוֹשִׁיעַ).”
Moshe tells them that Yehovah is active in the saving of his people.
32 Assuredly, thus said Yehovah concerning the king of Assyria: He shall not enter this city: He shall not shoot an arrow at it, Or advance upon it with a shield, Or pile up a siege mound against it. 33 He shall go back By the way he came; He shall not enter this city—declares Yehovah. 34 I will protect and save this city for My sake, And for the sake of My servant David.” 35 That night an angel of Yehovah went out and struck down one hundred and eighty-five thousand in the Assyrian camp, and the following morning they were all dead corpses.
Yehovah sent a messenger/mal’akh to do his work for him to save Jerusalem from utter defeat.
18 For it is not Sheol that praises You, Not [the Land of] Death that extols You; Nor do they who descend into the Pit Hope for Your grace. 19 The living, only the living Can give thanks to You As I do this day; Fathers relate to children Your acts of grace: 20 “[It has pleased] Yehovah to deliver us, That is why we offer up music All the days of our lives At the House of Yehovah.”
The King realizes that on Yehovah can save him and his people. Losing site of that is one of the main causes of defeat for all the Kings.
1 No, Yehovah’s arm is not too short to save, Or His ear too dull to hear; 2 But your iniquities have been a barrier Between you and Eloheykha, Your sins have made Him turn His face away And refuse to hear you. 3 For your hands are defiled with crime And your fingers with iniquity. Your lips speak falsehood, Your tongue utters treachery. 4 No one sues justly Or pleads honestly; They rely on emptiness and speak falsehood,
Conceiving wrong and begetting evil.
Yehovah does not help many of us today not because we don’t keep his Mitzvot perfectly but because we will not turn back from them when we fail. We need to return to him and his ways and he will save us.
Melekhim Bet/II Kings 19:19
19 But now, Yehovah Eloheynu, deliver us from his hands, and let all the kingdoms of the earth know that You alone, Yehovah, are Elohim.”
20 Then Isaiah son of Amoz sent this message to Hezekiah: “Thus said Yehovah, the Elohey of Israel: I have heard the prayer you have offered to Me concerning King Sennacherib of Assyria.
King Hezekiah knew Yehovah was the one who saves not many horses or chariots.
27 They said to wood, “You are my father,” To stone, “You gave birth to me,” While to Me they turned their backs And not their faces. But in their hour of calamity they cry,
“Arise and save us!” 28 And where are those gods You made for yourself? Let them arise and save you, if they can, In your hour of calamity. For your gods have become, O Judah, As many as your towns! 29 Why do you call Me to account? You have all rebelled against Me.
Yehovah shows that worshipping many other deities will not bring us close to him. We are instead separating ourselves from him.
16 Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters. They came to draw water, and filled the troughs to water their father’s flock; 17 but shepherds came and drove them off. Moses rose to their defense, and he watered their flock.
Here we see that Moshe saved the daughters of Yithro and thus we see it is a saving as in physically saving.
29 But the Israelites had marched through the sea on dry ground, the waters forming a wall for them on their right and on their left.
30 Thus Yehovah delivered Israel that day from the Egyptians. Israel saw the Egyptians dead on the shore of the sea. 31 And when Israel saw the wondrous power which Yehovah had wielded against the Egyptians, the people feared Yehovah; they had faith in Yehovah and His servant Moses.
The passing through the sea was the most direct way of showing his power and his favoring of Avraham’s children.
Shemu’el Aleph/I Samuel 17:47
45 David replied to the Philistine, “You come against me with sword and spear and javelin; but I come against you in the name of Yehovah of Hosts, the Elohim of the ranks of Israel, whom you have defied. 46 This very day Yehovah will deliver you into my hands. I will kill you and cut off your head; and I will give the carcasses of the Philistine camp to the birds of the sky and the beasts of the earth. All the earth shall know that there is a Elohim in Israel. 47 And this whole assembly shall know that Yehovah can give victory without sword or spear. For the battle is Yehovah’s, and He will deliver you into our hands.”
David kills Goliath not by a weapon of traditional battle. It also shows that Yehovah intervened because of the disparity of weapons.
13 And just as you were a curse among the nations, O House of Judah and House of Israel, so, when I vindicate you, you shall become a blessing. Have no fear; take courage! 14 For thus said Yehovah of Hosts: Just as I planned to afflict you and did not relent when your fathers provoked Me to anger—said Yehovah of Hosts—15 so, at this time, I have turned and planned to do good to Jerusalem and to the House of Judah. Have no fear! 16 These are the things you are to do: Speak the truth to one another, render true and perfect justice in your gates. 17 And do not contrive evil against one another, and do not love perjury, because all those are things that I hate—declares Yehovah.
There are things we must do in order to be saved by Yehovah. He tells us there here.
Yeshayahu/Isaiah 43: 11
10 My witnesses are you—declares Yehovah—My servant, whom I have chosen.
To the end that you may take thought, And believe in Me, And understand that I am He:
Before Me no god was formed, And after Me none shall exist—11 None but me, Yehovah; Beside Me, none can grant triumph. 12 I alone foretold the triumph And I brought it to pass; I announced it, And no strange god was among you. So you are My witnesses—declares Yehovah—And I am Elohim.
We see that while he might send someone to save it is not that person doing the saving but Yehovah.